Canadian scientists have helped sequence part of canola s genome. Determining the DNA sequence of crops allows researchers to understand the mechanisms of the plant, and to map traits of interest. This information can then be used by breeders to develop crops for Canadian farmers that are more disease resistant, drought tolerant, location suitable and with increased yields.
With advances in DNA technologies, the Polish canola genome was completed in less than two years, and for under $1 million. By comparison, when the human genome was fully sequenced in 2003, it was the result of 13 years of work and approximately US$2.7 billion.
Scientists from the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and Agriculture and Agri- Food Canada (AAFC) contributed to an international consortium that has sequenced the genome of Polish canola, a significant milestone for global crop genomics. This will improve how scientists understand key genes and ultimately lead to the development of new, more productive and profitable varieties.
visittheAAFCwebsite http://www.agr.gc.ca/index_e. php.