Prairie producers looking to plant pulses in 2021 have a few new and notable options. SeedNet, SeCan, FP Genetics, Prairie Fava, Riddell Seed Company and Saskatchewan seed growers are bringing a combined total of 13 new pulses to the market in 2021. The coming year’s options include strong yielders and improved disease resistance.
And one of the major priorities in pulse breeding and production today is protein content. “With all of the pulse processing plants going up, the big word is protein,” says Derek Mohr, pulse business manager at DL Seeds.
“The end users don’t just want peas, they want high-quality peas. The varieties we have on the market are okay to good for protein but as an industry we’re aiming to raise that bar. We need to be breeding not just for yield but for quality and agronomics too.”
While some of the varieties scheduled for release in 2021 offer improved protein, really significant gains are still likely a handful of years away.
“In a good-case scenario, it takes about eight to 10 years to develop a new pea or faba bean variety,” says Mohr. “(Breeders) have been working on increasing protein levels for some time now, so I’m hopeful in the next few years farmers will start to see some new, higher protein varieties available to them.”
Already, many of the new options are a solid step up in protein levels compared to varieties from past years. Please note, the following list includes only brand new variety releases for 2021.
Fabelle is a medium-sized, low-tannin faba bean that fits well in the growing food and feed markets. Fabelle is high yielding, with great lodging tolerance. This variety is low vicine/convicine, so is suitable for food and food ingredient use. It was developed by DL Seeds.
AAC Delhi is a semi-leafless, high-yielding yellow pea developed by D. J. Bing at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) in Lacombe, Alta. AAC Delhi offers high-seed weight and strong protein content. AAC Delhi is available by contract production.
Blueman Green Pea is a cotyledon, semi-leafless line that has great protein content and excellent colour intensity. With resistance to powdery mildew and lodging, Blueman performs well in various growing conditions. Blueman was scheduled for release in 2020 but was held over until 2021. It was developed by DL Seeds.
DL Lacross is a semi-leafless forage pea developed in Europe for green manure and silage. This tannin-free variety has very good yield potential for forage use and excellent standability. It was developed by DL Seeds.
AAC Profit is a high-yielding, high-protein yellow pea. According to FP Genetics’ research trials, AAC Profit yielded 110 per cent of check and rated 1.5 in protein versus AAC Lacombe. This semi-leafless, medium-sized seed variety is resistant to powdery mildew and rated good for seed coat breakage. It suits zones three and four.
DL Delicious is a semi-leafless forage pea. It offers high-forage yields (114 per cent over 40-10 peas), better standability and earlier maturation than the industry standard. It also offers very high biomass (111 per cent of 40-10). This variety was developed by DL Seeds. It is being released as part of the VUA (Variety Use Agreement) pilot program.
SeCan and Saskatchewan pulse growers
CDC Lima is a large green lentil developed by the Crop Development Centre at the University of Saskatchewan. It is the highest-yielding, large green Clearfield lentil variety. In six years of testing in the Co-op and Regional Trials, it yielded 113 per cent of the Clearfield large green lentil variety CDC Impower in the brown and dark-brown soil zones and 137 per cent in the black and dark-grey zones. It has a larger, thicker seed compared to CDC Impower, making CDC Lima more suitable for lentil dehulling. It is slightly shorter than its predecessors CDC Impower and CDC Improve.
CDC Canary is an early maturing yellow, semi-leafless field pea variety developed at the Crop Development Centre. In seven years of testing, it yielded 98 per cent of the check variety CDC Amarillo in both the north and south geographies. It has very good standability. It has a round seed shape and good resistance to seed coat breakage. It is a good choice in northern areas or anywhere that early maturity is important.
CDC Lewochko is a high-yielding, mid-maturing, yellow cotyledon, semi-leafless field pea variety developed by the Crop Development Centre. In five years of testing in the Co-op and Regional Trials in Saskatchewan, CDC Lewochko yielded 104 per cent of the check variety CDC Amarillo in the south and 103 per cent in the north. It has very good seed characteristics. It rated good for resistance to seed coat breakage, has resistance to dimpling, low-green colouration and a round shape. It has good lodging resistance and very good protein. There will be a lot of seed of this variety in 2022; however, there may be limited seed starting in 2021.
CDC Forest is a green cotyledon, semi-leafless field pea variety developed by the Crop Development Centre. In seven years of testing in the Co-op and Regional Trials in Saskatchewan, CDC Forest was the top-yielding green pea in both geographies (101 per cent of CDC Amarillo), demonstrating good yield stability. It has good lodging resistance, medium maturity, medium seed size and good resistance to seed coat breakage and bleaching.
Please note, in Saskatchewan all Crop Development Centre varieties are available directly from seed growers licensed royalty-free to Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Outside of Saskatchewan, the CDC varieties listed above are licensed to seed growers through SeCan.
Riddell Seed Company
DL Tesoro is the highest-yielding, zero tannin faba bean registered in Canada, achieving 118 per cent of Snowbird in the 2019 Faba Bean Co-operative Registration Trials. Seed weight was 104 per cent of Snowbird. The variety offers sturdy upright growth and a preferred seed shape. This variety was developed by DL Seeds.
DL Goldeye is a yellow, leafy-type forage pea well suited for forage blends, cover crop blends and for organic plowdown purposes. DL Goldeye is a black hilum yellow pea with small seed size, allowing for reduced seeding rates. This variety matures two to four days earlier than other forage peas, allowing it to suit companion planting in cereal blends with better pod development at the time of forage or silage harvest. This variety was developed by DL Seeds. It is being released as a part of the VUA (Variety Use Agreement) pilot program.
DL Rico is a medium-sized, low tannin, low vicine/convicine faba bean. It is suitable for food products and human consumption faba bean markets. This variety was developed by DL Seeds.