Chicago Mercantile Exchange live cattle on Tuesday gained for a third straight session, helped by recent wholesale beef price advances that may contribute to record-high cash prices this week, traders said.
Consumer demand for select beef cuts, which includes roasts, tends to improve during the fall as interest in outdoor grilling wanes.
And wholesalers actively compete for less available fresh beef that coincides with fewer cattle than last year.
Cattle are scarce now after multi-year droughts in the United States hurt crops. That drove feed costs to all-time highs last summer, which at that time forced ranchers to downsize their herds.
Tuesday morning’s average wholesale choice beef price, or cutout, was at $199.79 per hundredweight (cwt), up $1.50 from Monday, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture data.
Retailers tend to resist booking large orders of beef around the $200 price level, which has not been seen since June 18 at $200.24.
“I think the market has woken up to the idea that our supplies are really tightening,” said Mike Zuzolo, president of Global Commodity Analytics.
Some feedyards in the U.S. Plains are asking $131 per cwt for cattle with no response from buyers, feedlot sources said. Potential $131 sales this week would eclipse the previous record of $130 for the week ended March 2, 2012.
Last week, cash-basis cattle in the central Midwest fetched mostly $129 to $130.
Fund buying surfaced after the December contract broke through its 20-day and 10-day moving averages of 132.20 and
Live cattle October closed up 0.975 cent per lb at
131.100 cents. December finished at 132.975 cents,
1.075 cents higher.
CME feeder cattle finished higher with support from live cattle futures’ gains and weaker corn prices. Cheaper corn may encourage feedlots to buy young cattle.
October closed at 166.050 cents per lb, up 0.225 cent, while November gained 1.450 cents to 167.850 cents.
Hogs jump on discount to cash
CME hogs halted a three-day losing skid, finishing higher as December futures’ discount to the exchange’s hog index, which was at 90.43 cents, motivated buyers.
The CME on Tuesday morning issued its first lean hog index since the exchange suspended the data due to the partial U.S. government shutdown.
December hogs closed 1.100 cents per lb higher at
88.575 cents and February finished at 90.525 cents, up
Speculative traders bought hog futures in the belief that high-priced beef could prompt consumers to switch to less-costly pork or chicken, traders and analysts said.
Upward market momentum, fueled in part by short-covering, generated fund buying.
Futures gained upward traction despite the slump in wholesale pork and cash hog prices amid plentiful supplies. Tuesday morning’s average price of hogs in the western Midwest market were at $85.90 per cwt, $1.88 lower than on Monday, based on USDA data. Hog prices in the eastern Midwest slipped 46 cents to $87.01.
USDA’s data showed the wholesale pork price, or cutout, was at $94.27 per cwt on Tuesday morning, down $1.38 from Monday. That price decline was mostly due to the $13.54 tumble in the price of pork bellies, which are made into bacon.