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China, Canada resolve canola dispute until 2020

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in August 2016. (

Ottawa | Reuters — Canada and China have agreed on a solution to a trade dispute over $2 billion worth of annual canola sales, lasting to 2020, leaders of the two countries said on Thursday.

The solution is “predictable, science-based and stable,” ensuring access for Canadian shipments to China, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said in Ottawa at a joint press conference with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang. He gave no details.

China has twice this year backed down on plans to toughen its standard on foreign material, called dockage, in Canadian canola shipments. The dispute was an irritant as the two countries seek to broaden trade ties.

The crop is crushed in China, Canada’s biggest export market, to produce vegetable oil and animal feed.

China, which has said it was concerned about the foreign material spreading a crop disease called blackleg, had intended to make the change on Sept. 1 before agreeing to continue negotiations with Canada leading up to meetings in Ottawa.

The maximum level of dockage China accepts will continue to be 2.5 per cent of a shipment during the time of the agreement. China had intended to lower the maximum to one per cent.

Canadian exporters, which include Richardson International, Cargill and Glencore’s Viterra unit have raised concerns that the tougher standard would result in fewer sales to China as it raises their costs. Industry analysts have said China’s stance was likely linked to high domestic stockpiles.

Canada is the world’s biggest exporter of canola, also called rapeseed. ICE Canada canola futures rose 1.4 per cent, touching the day’s highs after news of the agreement.

Li said until 2020, China would apply its previous inspection standard on Canadian canola shipments. In the meantime, the countries will study the risk dockage may pose, he said.

“For China, we have pretty sufficient amount of time to increase the quality of exports to China,” Li said through an interpreter. “That agreement is in the larger picture of Canada-China relations.”

David Ljunggren is Reuters’ political correspondent in Ottawa. Writing by Rod Nickel in Winnipeg.

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