Argentina extends beef export cap, stoking farm tensions

Move seen as 'giving markets to other countries'

File photo of a steak sandwich with chimichurri sauce at a street food market in Buenos Aires. (Aleksandr_Vorobev/iStock/Getty Images)

Buenos Aires | Reuters — Argentina extended beef export restrictions until the end of October on Tuesday, stoking tensions with the powerful farm sector as the government seeks to bolster domestic meat supply to help contain rising food prices.

The move comes months before key mid-term elections, with centre-left President Alberto Fernandez keen to avoid a sharp rise in the cost of beef in a country where families regularly gather to cook meat around the “asado” grill.

Spiraling consumer prices could hurt his party’s chances with voters in the South American country already feeling the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

The government had in June limited exports of some beef cuts until the end of the year, sparking tensions with farmers. A cap until the end of August on beef shipments at 50 per cent of the previous year’s level has now been extended by two months.

“In the short term, the tool of limiting sales abroad is essential to guarantee Argentine access to beef in the face of the sharp increase in prices for consumers,” it said in a decree in the official gazette.

Argentina is the world’s fifth-largest beef exporter and a key supplier to China. It is the top global exporter of processed soy and a major wheat and corn producer.

Jorge Chemes, president of the Argentine Rural Confederations, said that farm bodies would meet before deciding what action to take. He threatened rallies and trade halts.

“I’m certain we will have something along the lines of a trading halt,” he told a press briefing.

Lost millions

The president of Sociedad Rural Argentina (SRA), Nicolas Pino, said members would meet on Wednesday and Thursday and could then announce a commercial strike.

Earlier this year, protests by farmers led to the national livestock markets closing.

Argentina has suffered from high inflation for years, with the annual rate running above 50 per cent, and has started to emerge this year from a recession since 2018.

Miguel Schiariti, head of Argentina’s CICCRA meat industry chamber, told Reuters the sector had lost around US$100 million in exports last month due to the caps, which could push up prices.

Another industry source said that they handed momentum to other producers.

“The government does not understand the damages of extending the cap, since the industry has lost millions of dollars with the restrictions so far and it is a way to continue giving markets to other countries,” he said.

— Reporting for Reuters by Maximilian Heath and Nicolas Misculin.

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