New pulse crop varieties for 2016

These new pulse varieties are hitting the market for the first time this spring

Still looking for a way to get into pulses this spring? Here is a roundup of new pulse varieties. This list is adapted from reports by Donna Fleury and Bruce Baker, prepared for the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers Association, with information also from the Manitoba Pulse & Soybean Growers 2015 Variety Evaluation Trials.

Yellow Peas

The most widely grown yellow pea varieties in Saskatchewan in 2015 were CDC Meadow (also the top variety grown in Manitoba) and CDC Golden, but two new varieties — CDC Saffron and CDC Amarillo — have gained rapid adoption by growers. Production of these varieties is expected to increase substantially.

CDC Saffron has high yield potential, good lodging resistance and attractive medium-to-large smooth, round seeds with medium protein content and good cooking quality.

CDC Amarillo has been one of the strongest yielding varieties in registration and regional trials over the past six years. CDC Amarillo is relatively tall with one of the best lodging resistance ratings among pea varieties. CDC Amarillo also has good resistance to fusarium wilt. Its seed weight is slightly less than that of CDC Saffron. It is round with medium protein content and good cooking quality.

Abarth yellow pea, available from FP Genetics, offers competitive yield, good disease resistance, and larger seed size. Abarth has medium maturity with very good resistance to powdery mildew, and fair resistance to mycosphaerella blight and fusarium wilt. It has good lodging resistance with best in class standability for ease of harvesting.

AAC Lacombe is a high-yielding, medium-large seeded yellow pea with excellent standability that should be available by the fall of 2016.

CDC Inca should be commercially available in 2018. CDC Inca has strong yield potential in southern Saskatchewan and good lodging resistance. It has medium seed size, round seed shape, medium protein content and good cooking quality.

Green peas

CDC Striker has been the most widely grown green pea variety in Saskatchewan for the past eight years. The next most widely grown varieties in 2015 were CDC Patrick, CDC Raezer, CDC Sage, and CDC Limerick. With certified seed of CDC Raezer and CDC Limerick now available, area of production for these varieties is expected to grow substantially in 2016.

CDC Raezer has good yield and lodging resistance and is powdery mildew resistant, like most new varieties in Western Canada and has good resistance to fusarium wilt. Seed size, shape, and bleaching resistance are very similar to CDC Striker.

CDC Limerick is the highest yielding green pea variety currently on the market and has good lodging resistance. CDC Limerick has smooth, round seeds with good bleaching resistance and higher protein content than most pea varieties on the market.

In 2017, look out for CDC Greenwater. This variety has strong yield potential and good lodging resistance, with medium seed size and round seed shape. AAC Royce and AAC Radius should have seed available by 2018.

Dun peas

CDC Dakota has been one of the top yielding dun peas since 2010. They are dehulled and sold in human consumption markets. The pigmented seed coats provide natural protection to various root rot fungi, so typically dun (and maple) pea varieties are quick to emerge with good stands. The dun market class requires additional promotion to reach its potential value for growers.

Maple peas

Maple pea varieties available in Western Canada include CDC Acer, CDC Rocket, and CDC Mosaic. CDC Acer and CDC Mosaic have small seed size, with CDC Mosaic having better lodging resistance. CDC Rocket has medium seed size and earlier maturity than CDC Acer and CDC Mosaic.

Look out for CDC Blazer (3012-1LT) in 2018 — a new maple pea variety with a lighter seed coat color. It has higher yield than the other maple peas, similar to CDC Meadow, and seed size similar to CDC Rocket.

Forage peas

CDC Tucker, CDC Leroy, and CDC Horizon are forage pea varieties with high biomass yield, powdery mildew resistance, good lodging resistance, and semi-leafless leaf type. These varieties produce on average four to five tonnes per acre of forage dry matter, similar to that of forage barley, but with greater protein concentration. Certified seed is available.

Faba beans

Last year, faba bean acreage in Saskatchewan grew to 62,000 acres, up from 19,000 in 2014 and 8,500 in 2013. The most popular varieties in Saskatchewan in 2015 were Snowbird and CDC Snowdrop, which are small seeded, low-tannin varieties. Large seeded varieties grown include FB9-4, Taboar and Florent. CDC SSNS-1 is a small seeded tannin variety that is well suited for green manure or silage mixes.

The Crop Development Centre is incorporating zero tannin and low vivine/convicine genes into breeding lines and trying to reduce faba seed size without losing yield. New varieties look promising but it will be four to five years before any will be commercially available.

Kabuli Chickpea

Limited amounts of certified seed of a new variety, CDC Palmer, may be available in 2016. CDC Palmer is high-yielding, with large seed size and earlier maturity than CDC Orion, which was the most popular Kabuli variety grown in 2015, followed by CDC Leader. Both CDC Palmer and CDC Orion are high-yielding, with medium to large seed size, and are moderately resistant to Ascochyta blight. They mature earlier than older varieties, such as CDC Frontier and Amit and are well adapted to brown and dark brown soil zones in southern Saskatchewan and south eastern Alberta.

Desi chickpeas

CDC Consul is a recent, high yielding cultivar with plump, medium seed size and good Ascochyta blight resistance. It is suited to all current chickpea growing regions of brown and dark brown soil zones in southern Saskatchewan and south eastern Alberta.

Dry beans

The newest commercial dry bean variety is AAC Tundra (Great Northern Bean), which has been available since 2015. It has high yield potential and early maturity, and an upright, indeterminate bush growth habit with long vines and large seed size. AAC Tundra offers improved field resistance to white mould compared with AC Polaris and is suitable for irrigated wide row production in Saskatchewan and Alberta.

Growers may want to look out for future, high-yielding varieties such as AAC Burdett, a pinto bean with good lodging resistance and white mould avoidance. AAC Whitehorse is an early maturing, large seed, great northern bean with partial field resistance to white mould. AAC Black Diamond is a black bean with a shiny, black seed coat, good lodging resistance and improved resistance to common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Phaseoli. All these varieties are suitable for growing under irrigation.

New yellow bean and cranberry bean experimental lines are currently in the Co-operative Registration Trial for potential registration in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

Extra small red lentils

A variety to watch for is CDC Roxy (3959-6), which is high-yielding, with plump seed that was released in 2014, but should have commercial seed volumes available by 2018. It is not imidazolinone (commercialized as Clearfield) tolerant, but consistently yields higher than CDC Maxim, the most popular small red lentil grown in Saskatchewan in 2015. The most popular extra small red varieties grown in 2015 were CDC Impala, followed by CDC Imperial. Both are imidazolinone tolerant.

Small red lentils

Small red lentils are the most popular class grown in Saskatchewan and the most widely grown varieties for 2015 were the imidazolinone tolerant, CDC Maxim, CDC Dazil, CDC Imax and CDC Impact.

Limited supplies of commercial seed for a new variety, CDC Cherie, may be available in 2016. This variety was released in 2012 and is not imidazolinone tolerant, but is high-yielding.

There are a few new varieties, all higher yielding than CDC Maxim, which will be commercially available in a few years. They include imidazolinone tolerant varieties, CDC Impulse (IBC 479) and CDC Proclaim (IBC 550) and the non-imidazolinone tolerant, CDC Redmoon (3646-4).

Large green lentils

The most widely grown large green lentil variety in 2015 was CDC Greenland, followed by the imidazolinone tolerant varieties, CDC Impower and CDC Improve. Limited seed supplies may be available in 2016 of CDC Greenstar, a recently released variety that has high yield potential, but is not imidazolinone tolerant. New varieties that combine imidazolinone tolerance with high yield potential are in development but have not yet been released for pedigree seed production.

Small green lentils

The most widely grown small green lentil variety grown in 2015 was imidazolinone tolerant, CDC Imvincible, followed by CDC Viceroy. Coming for 2017 is CDC Kermit (3592-13), a variety that is much higher yielding than CDC Viceroy and has better lodging resistance. It is not imidazolinone tolerant.

Specialty lentils

These varieties are classes with unique characteristics and special markets.

French green:
CDC Peridot is the only imidazolinone tolerant variety currently available, but is lower yielding than conventional variety of CDC Marble.

Green cotyledon:
CDC QG-2 is the highest yielding variety with earliest maturity. CDC QG-3 is imidazolinone tolerant but lower yielding. Green cotyledon varieties are grown under contract with AGT Food and Ingredients under SPG’s tender release program.

Spanish brown (SB):
SB-2 is the latest variety with higher yield and improved disease resistance. SB varieties are now trademarked under the brand IberinaTM and are grown under contract through Simpson Seeds under SPG’s tender release program.

Large red (King Red):
CDC KR-1 (not imidazolinone tolerant) and CDC KR-2 (imidazolinone tolerant) are higher yielding than CDC Maxim in lentil growing areas, and are grown under contract with AGT Foods and Ingredients under SPG’s tender release program.


Chickpea recommendations

CDC researchers strongly advise growers to apply fungicide for all chickpea cultivars at the seedling to pre-flowering stage in order to limit early ascochyta spore development and spread. Growers are required to monitor their fields diligently for disease and spray if necessary.

Within the CDC chickpea breeding program disease has been managed with a maximum of two fungicide applications in all of their nurseries. Timing for the first spray is critical, routinely recommended at the seven- to 10-node stage. It is recommended that chickpea is planted on lighter soil, so avoid heavy clay soil that retains moisture, and avoid lower lying or poorly drained fields. It is also recommended that chickpea is planted on stubble, especially in wet years.

Resources for Pulse Growers

For more information about these new varieties and other varieties, try these sources:

About the author

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Angela Lovell is a freelance writer based in Manitou, Manitoba. Visit her website at http://alovell.ca or follow her on Twitter @angelalovell10.

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